Estuary Protection

The Skeena Estuary

Where the magic happens

The estuary of the Skeena River, one of North America’s great salmon superhighways, is where the fresh waters of the vast interior Skeena watershed meet the ocean waters of the Pacific. This nutrient-rich mixing zone is one of the richest and most abundant salmon-rearing habitats in the world. The massive eelgrass-covered shoal known as Flora Bank, adjacent to Lelu Island is key to the biological productivity of this unique zone. These fertile eelgrass flats provide food and cover for up to a billion young Pacific salmon and steelhead as they adjust from freshwater to saltwater each year. This unique nursery zone contains the highest abundances (25 times more) of juvenile salmon compared with other habitat in the Skeena River estuary.

Lelu Island

Until it was cancelled in 2017, Lelu Island was also the proposed site for an ill-conceived industrial project by Petronas, a Malaysian state-owned oil & gas company. Petronas sought to build a massive natural gas liquefaction & offloading facility and associated pipeline that would have dredged and removed 1.3 million cubic yards of marine sediments, causing nearly 500 acres of habitat loss and potential destabilization on Flora Bank. Had the Petronas project proceeded in this location, this unique and productive Skeena salmon habitat could have been lost forever.


SkeenaWild and its partners played a key role in stopping this development. After 5 years of participating in Environmental Assessments, multiple court cases and independent scientific studies and resistance from First Nations, the company pulled out.


The cancellation of the Petronas industrial development has opened up the space to begin working towards permanent protection for Flora Bank, and other critical salmon habitat in the Skeena estuary. Our first action was making sure Petronas and its partners never use, sell or transfer their permits for Lelu Island.


SkeenaWild is urging the federal government to implement a process for assessing Flora Bank for permanent protection status, and commit to a planning process for the Skeena estuary – the only industrialized estuary in Canada without an estuary management plan. We want to ensure this is a science-based, transparent, robust process that involves local indigenous communities who depend on the area for food and cultural resources.

PRPA Moratorium

Ecologically Significant Area

In January of 2019, the Prince Rupert Port Authority announced a development moratorium on Flora, Agnew, Horsey Banks, and the adjacent foreshore of Lelu Island, which prohibits any industrial development in this critical salmon habitat next to Lelu Island. This is a major conservation outcome for Skeena salmon. Permanent protection for the critical salmon habitat in the Skeena estuary remains a focus.


We’re working with partners to have the Skeena River estuary designated as an Ecologically Significant Area under Section 34 of the new Fisheries Act. This designation would provide regulations to protect fish habitat in candidate areas, such as Flora Bank, that are sensitive, highly productive, rare, or unique.

Heart of the Skeena

Lelu Island – Totem Pole Raising

Skeena River Estuary